What are electric cars?
Electric cars help eliminate transportation pollution. Instead of using gasoline, electric cars use electricity. They are not very popular yet, but many car companies have started innovating.
What are the issues with electric cars?
Electric cars are not very widespread. That is because of the lack of innovation. Car companies are making good profits with fossil fuel cars, and they have no incentive to spend money on research and development programs for electric cars. That is a common issue with acting on climate change: people think mostly about money and not about destroying the climate.
Furthermore, because electric cars are not very widespread, there are not many charging stations. Charging stations are controversial because in some places they do not cost money to charge. This is great for the owner of electric cars but expensive for car companies and possibly not sustainable for the development of electric cars. On the plus side, it provides an incentive for electric cars. Yet, electric cars have low ranges compared to gasoline cars. That means the lack of charging stations is a significant problem. Electric cars also take a long time to charge: most cars take around an hour to charge.
Finally, electric cars are not zero emissions until electricity is generated 100% from renewable energy. Currently, while electric cars do not emit carbon dioxide, most charging stations use fossil fuels for electricity.
How can we solve these issues?
Most of these issues revolve around the first issue: car companies are not motivated to innovate. How can we fix this? Federal mandates for electric cars and company tax incentives. Because people are thinking about money, they will leap for the tax credit and innovate electric cars. That can help spread electric cars, improve the charging speed, and increase the range.
However, as electric cars spread, it will not be cost-effective for car companies to keep eating the charging costs. The few charging stations that are free will probably become pay stations.
However, to solve the emissions issue, we would have to switch to clean energy, or at least have the charging stating derive their electricity from clean sources. This is an example of how just doing one climate solution is not enough to solve the climate crisis: you need to do all of them.